# Why is learning tables important?

Why are Tables important?

Tables are a basic essential for when learning mathematics. Children need to master them. Unless they learn their Tables, it is difficult for children to learn other aspects of maths. Failing to learn Tables makes learning more complicated maths, more difficult than it need to be. If a child can automatically knows the answer to a table then more difficult maths will be less challenging.

How quick do the children need to be?

Children need to be able to rattle off their Tables like they know their own name. If the children have the answers to the Tables at the tip of their tongue then they can concentrate on learning the methodology of new sum. There are at least two concepts in primary school maths which children find challenging: long division and fractions. In a typical long division sum, a child will need to divide, multiply and subtract several times. Working with fractions also need the ability to add, subtract, multiply and divide. Without knowing their Tables, children will find this very hard.

Teachers usually find that children think they don’t understand a sum when all that is happening is that they are making simple mistakes in addition, subtraction, multiplication or division. This can be discouraging for the child. Children may view themselves as someone who doesn’t understand maths, when in reality all it is is that they don’t know their Tables.

Why not use a calculator?

• Children can become over reliant on calculators.
• They don’t develop estimating skills.
• Keying in the wrong number can happen.

But because the student hasn’t developed estimating skills they are then unaware when a particular answer is unlikely.

When do children begin to learn Tables?

It is important to master addition and subtraction tables to 12 by the end of 2nd because

• in 3rd and 4th the focus changes to multiplication and division.
• if a child knows their simple number facts then they can give their full attention to methodology when being taught new maths

What Tables are learnt in 3rd and 4th?

Multiplication/Division taught in 3rd and 4th.

What about Tables in 5th and 6th?

Regular revision of Tables is part of the 5th and 6th class programme.

How can parents help?

Tables are regularly given as homework. Sometimes children think that homework of a ‘learning off’ type is less important than written homework. But learning Tables is very important. Learning Tables need not be done at the kitchen table. You can work on them with your child on the journey to and from school or while waiting in the supermarket queue!

What else can help?

• Let your children see, that you place value on learning Tables; that you think Tables are important.
• Show your child how quickly an answer should be arrived at! (5 seconds or less)